27th Conference on Climate Variability and Change
The theme for the 2015 AMS Annual Meeting is “Fulfilling the Vision of Weather, Water, and Climate Information for Every Need, Time, and Place”. People, businesses, and governments depend increasingly on weather, water, and climate information matched to their specific needs. We are converging on a day when such information is integrated into nearly every decision or action people take. This revolution in highly targeted, customized information - delivered when and where it is most useful - will make our lives safer, more productive, and more enjoyable. The challenge for our community is this: collaborate and innovate to develop – and ultimately deliver – actionable, user-specific weather, water, and climate information across all spatial and temporal scales in support of our nation’s safety, health, and prosperity. The meeting will explore the many topics required for our community to implement this vision.
Following this theme, the 27th Conference on Climate Variability and Change is soliciting papers on the following topics in addition to those on the structure and mechanisms of climate variability and change:
- Subseasonal variability: Spatiotemporal structure in the troposphere (and stratosphere); link with teleconnection patterns and MJO; dynamical and thermodynamic mechanisms; hydroclimate impacts; potential predictability; representation in climate simulations.
- Interannual variability: Inter-basin links; internally-generated vs. externally-forced basin variability; ocean-atmosphere structure and mechanisms in observations and climate simulations; progress prospects of monthly-to-seasonal prediction.
- Decadal-Multidecadal variability in Pacific and Atlantic basins: Ocean surface/subsurface structure; ocean-atmosphere-land-cryosphere interactions; hydroclimate impacts (e.g., droughts) and mechanisms; potential predictability; experimental prediction (statistical/ dynamical).
- Regional climate variability and change: Detection and attribution of temperature and precipitation variations: Role of greenhouse gases, anthropogenic aerosols, and multidecadal natural variability; high-resolution regional climate projections.
- Arctic circulation and sea-ice variability and trends: Structure and mechanisms.
- Extreme events: Analysis of heat waves and polar air outbreaks.
- Advances in climate modeling and prediction.
- Global Warming Hiatus.
- Rasmusson-Wyrtki session on ENSO, Tropical Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions, and Global Climatic Impacts: 20 Years after TOGA
The decade long International Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (TOGA) program ended twenty years ago in December 1994. TOGA fundamentally advanced our understanding of tropical ocean-atmosphere interactions and their global impacts, established a new observing system for El Niño and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO) research and forecasting, and served as an incubator for the development of skillful seasonal prediction models. It paved the way for much subsequent progress in climate research and its legacy still resonates throughout the scientific community. This session will celebrate that legacy and pay tribute to two renowned scientists whose pioneering studies laid the foundation for TOGA and contributed greatly to its success: Gene Rasmusson and the late Klaus Wyrtki. Presentations are encouraged that highlight climate variability and change in the tropics, the global impacts of the tropics in the climate system, and advances in seasonal to decadal time scale climate forecasting. Presentations on evolving 2014 El Niño-like conditions are also encouraged.
- The Peter J. Lamb Session on Climate Variability in Precipitation Processes
- This session is dedicated to Dr. Peter J. Lamb. Because Dr. Lamb's interests encompassed a wide scope of precipitation processes studies from around the globe, research concerned with precipitation variability from any geographical region or location are welcome. Targeted presentations can be observational, modeling, or a combination of either related to precipitation processes, at time scales spanning the continuum of weather to climate.
The 2014 US National Climate Assessment: Science, Policy, and the Future (Themed Joint Session with the 10th Symposium on Societal Applications: Policy, Reseach, and Practice)
In May 2014, the third US National Climate Assessment was publicly released by the White House. Building on efforts such as the IPCC 5th Assessment, and previous National Climate Assessments, the 2014 NCA incorporates a broad scope of the best available science relevant to decision making at multiple scales. The NCA also included important transdisciplinary efforts bridging physical and social sciences, and the communications enterprise. This session will highlight the major scientific highlights of the 2014 NCA, the process as envisioned and executed, the “ongoing assessment” concept, and policy implications. Topics within the session are not limited to direct NCA contributions. Of particular interest are sector specific and regional climate information, methods and perspectives on science communication, the policy implications at multiple scales, and next steps. Contributions that connect IPCC and regional, state, or local assessment activities with the NCA are also encouraged.
Growing Importance of Extremes: The Example of Drought in California and the West (Themed Joint Session with the 29th Conference on Hydrology)
With the potential for more frequent and more intense extreme events in parts of the world as a consequence of climate change, there is increasing focus on science in the context of minimizing risk and vulnerability. This session will showcase the scientific advances, impacts, and lessons learned through the lens of Western drought events. Topics of interest include predictability of US drought on multiple scales, climate change attribution of drought, lessons gleaned from the applied science community, planning and processes for drought, and cascading impacts of drought on both the ecological and urban environments. Papers addressing social and economic impacts are particularly encouraged. Note that papers do not have to directly relate to Western US drought, but can also discuss impacts and response to other extreme events in other parts of the US and the world from which transferable lessons might be shared.
- Regional Climate Partnerships: Connecting Climate Science and Decision Making (Joint Session with the 10th Symposium on Societal Applications: Policy, Reseach, and Practice)
The impacts of climate variability and change manifest in dramatically different ways. Coastal regions grapple with storm surge and sea level rise; urban areas endure heat waves that affect public health and safety; and forested regions with drought and wildfire. These impacts are overlaid on vastly different social, political, and economic systems, creating a patchwork of different risk and vulnerability profiles at sub-national scales. The breadth and depth of this challenge requires multiple partners with different expertise, collaborating across regional scales. This session invites papers that describe the importance and value of regional collaborations, challenges faced in coordination, examples of bridging science with decision making, and other co-production models. Papers that focus on particular engagements with NOAA RISA, DOI Climate Science Centers, USDA Regional Climate Hubs, State Climatologists, Sea Grant, and Regional Climate Centers are encouraged.
Other joint sessions are also anticipated with the 29th Conference on Hydrology, 19th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 19th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, 18th Conference on Middle Atmosphere, 17th Conf. on Atmospheric Chemistry, 7th Symposium on Aerosol–Cloud–Climate Interaction, Sixth Conference on Weather, Climate, and the New Energy Economy, and the Third Symposium on the Weather and Climate Enterprise.
Student Award Opportunities
The Committee on Climate Variability and Change will conduct a student poster competition for students who enter when they submit their abstracts. Students must be the first author of the poster and presenting their own, original work.